How to Put in Eye Drops
Do you know how to put in eye drops in your eyes in an easy and proper way? The illustration below demonstrates the simple, safe and reliable method on how to put in eye drops without blinking.
- Basically, the lower lid should be gently pulled away from the eye creating a small “pocket” or “pouch.”
- The dropper bottle is then slowly brought into position just above the pocket and gently squeezed until one drop is felt in the eye.
- The hand holding the dropper bottle can rest on the cheekbone for steadiness and support.
Eye ointments can be instilled in a similar fashion. Ordinarily, a strip of ointment measuring one half to three quarters of the length of the lower lid should be used.
How do you know if the drop actually went in your eye? If you practice the proper way on how to put in eye drops in your eye, the drop can be felt as a cool sensation and sometimes as a mild “stinging” or “burning” in the eye. If you simply feel the wetness on your lid or face you probably missed the eye. Refrigeration of the drops is a simple trick to allow for better awareness of the drop entering the eye. It is normal for eye drops to sting or burn after instillation. Many people will experience a transient burning or stinging sensation but this varies quite a bit from person to person and depends on the type and strength of drop being used.
How to Put in Eye Drops in a Child or Baby
With regard on how to put in eye drops in a child or baby, the easiest way of instilling eye drops is while lying on their back in bed or resting their head backwards in a recliner chair.
What if you’re not sure that the drop went in your child or baby, can you repeat it? When in doubt, there is no harm for you to repeat the correct way on how to put in eye drops once. The eye does not even hold more than a single drop at a time; the excess will simply drip or be blinked out. It is definitely better to repeat the drop unnecessarily rather than miss a scheduled dose.
Should you keep your eyes closed or do anything else of using eye drops? Ideally, the eyes should be kept gently closed for fifteen to thirty seconds to allow for absorption of the drop into the eyes. With some drops, particularly the beta blockers used for glaucoma, the bridge of the nose should be compressed for a minute or so to prevent drainage of the drop down the nasolacrimal duct. Drainage down the tear ducts can both lessen the effectiveness of the drop in the eyes and lead to absorption of the drop into the blood stream through the nasal capillaries. This, in turn, increases the risk of systemic (general body) side effects from the drops. The illustration below demonstrates the technique of nasal compression. Be sure not to just pinch the skin of the nose. The thumb and forefinger should press against the bony bridge in the area of the tear sacs.
If you are using several different types of glaucoma drops, you should know how to put in eye drops in your eyes at difference time interval as it make a difference on effectiveness on how close together you use them. Ideally, the different drops should be used at staggered intervals of several hours to avoid dilution or washing out of one drop by another and to smooth out the “peaks and valleys” of medication effectiveness. If this is not practical, a few minutes delay between drops will at least decrease the dilution effect.